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MCL Injury

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. It is a broad, flat, membranous band, situated slightly posterior (back) on the medial (inner) side of the knee joint. It resists forces that would push the knee medially, which would otherwise produce valgus deformity, commonly referred to as "knock-knee." MCL tears often occur from soccer, skiing, or football and involve the joint being bent to the side, tearing the ligament that exists just inside the soft tissue of the knee. The MCL usually tears partially and is often graded as a Grade 1, 2 or 3 type of tear. Fortunately, the MCL has a very good blood supply. By protecting and rehabilitating it early with gentle range-of-motion exercises, soft tissue massage, and specific strengthening exercises, the tissue can be induced to heal in a relatively normal pattern with collagen fibers aligned along the normal pathway of the original MCL. Surgical repair of the MCL, in our opinion, is infrequently needed because the MCL will often heal. Occasionally, MCL injuries lead to chronic instability and in those cases we rebuild the MCL typically using an allograft or donor tissue to augment the suture repair of the ligament itself.
alternative to a knee replacement-avoid-a-knee-replacement-bioknee
We like to do everything possible to rebuild the knee joint with biologic tissues rather than artificial materials to help delay the time in which an artificial joint replacement is necessary.
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In light of Wes Matthews and other NBA athletes suffering Achilles ruptures, Dr. Stone speaks to Mavs Moneyball, a...
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Dr Stone talking about Steph Curry's injury and the Warrior's season.
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"A few select orthopedic surgeons and researchers around the country are pioneering alternate cartilage...

Kevin R. Stone · Jonathan R. Pelsis · Scott T. Surrette · Ann W. Walgenbach · Thomas J. Turek 

Stone, K.R., A.W. Walgenbach, T.J. Turek, A. Freyer, and M.D. Hill. 2006.

A new treatment to replace the entire cartilage surface