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Ankle further diagnoses

Ankle fractures

When the foot is twisted, the soft  tissues can tear or the bones can break or both. Since the ankle joint is so tightly fitted together, even a displacement of the bones by as little as 1 mm can cause a significant increase in the abnormal forces across the joint, eventually  leading to arthritis. When the bones break, swelling and instability occur.  Ice, elevation and support are the initial steps.  The definitive treatment is based on the fracture pattern and the degree of displacement.  Early accurate reduction of the fracture and support with a splint or surgical plates and screws are extremely important.  X-rays, MRI and CT scans are used to define the fracture patterns.  Accuracy in diagnosis and treatment are the key to a successful outcome.

Ankle dislocation

When an ankle dislocates, most of the ligaments supporting the ankle are torn and usually a fracture occurs.  The blood supply to the structures of the ankle are at extreme risk in an ankle dislocation, which is why it is considered an emergency requiring immediate care and reduction of the dislocation.  Almost all ankle dislocations require immediate surgical repair to obtain the best outcome.

Avoid-a-total-knee-replacement-meniscus-transplant-arthritis-repair-stem-cell-paste-graft
We like to do everything possible to rebuild the knee joint with biologic tissues rather than artificial materials to help delay the time in which an artificial joint replacement is necessary.
Steph-Curry-Ankle-Injury
The questions most often asked by athletes, coaches, trainers, and of course fans are, “What can be done to speed healing?” “What can reduce the re-injury rate—and are there permanent solutions?”
July 14th, 2015
In light of Wes Matthews and other NBA athletes suffering Achilles ruptures, Dr. Stone speaks to Mavs Moneyball, a...
April 27th, 2016
Dr Stone talking about Steph Curry's injury and the Warrior's season.
December 11th, 2014
"A few select orthopedic surgeons and researchers around the country are pioneering alternate cartilage...

Kevin R. Stone · Jonathan R. Pelsis · Scott T. Surrette · Ann W. Walgenbach · Thomas J. Turek 

Stone, K.R., A.W. Walgenbach, T.J. Turek, A. Freyer, and M.D. Hill. 2006.